European Commission logo
Knowledge Hub for Water


Last update: 03/2022

Measures can reduce nutrient losses to the environment. The potential impacts of different measures are explored by means of modelling scenario analysis. Modelling analysis are theoretical and limited by the quality of data and assumptions, but can provide insights and support reflection on the effects of measures. They help highlighting potential gains and regional opportunities. However, feedback loops between losses to environmental sectors (air, water, soil) could not be considered in full yet.

Reduction of air emissions

Reduction of agricultural emissions

Effects of measures on nutrient losses to water